In particular, the three fundamental macro principles for attacking in a way
effective the opposing defensive line are:
• maximum and double WIDTH
• continuous search for FINISHING
• frequent attacks on the DEPTH
These three macro principles should be thought of as containers that
they must always be full. They are also areas that must
therefore always be filled, no matter by whom ... even better if
with continuous rotations by the players.
The goal is to continuously fill these three containers for
"Stress" the opponent's defensive line.
• WIDTH We want one player, and only one, to always be wide and sharp to ensure the maximum width of the field in each action is a right than left. This will allow us to force the opposing full backs to make a choice: o remain wide and allow spaces in the center, or tighten and they will always arrive late on our game changes and our cuts external. The width will be guaranteed by players used to playing with pure wings, technical, fast and good at playing one on one. The strikers or midfielders can change the game "with their eyes closed", the opposite exterior will always be wide and high. We drift to the right to attack on the left. The OPPOSITE amplitude in fact must be constant and frequently sought. The width will be occupied by one player per side, in fact just one only player to widen the opponent's defensive line, so that i remaining players it will be possible to place them in the central areas of the field
The main objective of our offensive phase is to find a
player in the finishing area. At least two interns will be stationed
constantly in this mobile area between the defense and the midfield
opponents and, frequently, other players will join them.
With the ball open and facing the goal in the finishing area at least two
players have to attack the depth.
Players positioned between the opposing lines must insistently
move so that you always have a free passing line.
They must be able to stay out of the shadow zone of the
The depth will have to be constantly attacked above all
when we are closer to the opponent's goal. The attacker takes turns
the outside and inside will have to attack the defensive line with cuts
and insertions. There are several reasons:
- lengthen the opposing team by lowering the defense,
thus freeing up the spaces necessary for our finishing
- keep the opposing defenders "mentally" engaged
- attack the space, receive the ball ... and score!
Depending on the characteristics of the players we can play with a
only central striker or with two strikers, in this case the
game of opposites (one comes the other goes, one short and one long ...).
If our only attacker comes to meet or parades in the area of
finishing, the outside of the weak side attacks the depth (the container
must always be full).
Even short depth is attached to the “open ball” code.
In possession the team must be sufficiently
staggered both horizontally, on different lines, and vertically, on
Especially on the occasion of the attack on the defensive line, the 4/5/6
predisposed players will have to divide vertically along the field
to attack the line in all its width (the two vertical bands,
the half-spaces and the central area).
Regardless of the form we can see how we could go to occupy the offensive positions necessary to achievement of the objectives of the attack phase. The tip attacks the depth, the wings spread out in breadth. The insides go up in the finishing area and the full backs come in construction phase. The central midfield player dances between the two defenders reading the situation (one or two opponents pressing). We will therefore go to position ourselves on the field with a 325 or 235 in phase offensive. But the movements are not fixed. Based on the characteristics of the players and the context, there will be different rotations: the left-back can raise in amplitude, the outside coming into the finishing area and therefore the interior set back under construction.
You have to attack the opposing line with at least 5 players (the two
external and the three central players), often they can become 6 or 7 i
players in line attack.
We can simplify the connection to the line in 3 main situations:
- man in the finishing area and looking for a personal solution (one-two and wall entry, shot from outside, 1vs1, veil and
- man in the area of finishing and depth search (cuts
of the attacker and the outsiders, insertion of
- width with 1vs1 and cross / cross. (especially from the fascias
we will either try to cross or go to the bottom for a ball
back on the disk).
The direct attack that will be used on the occasion of defensive lines
particularly high or weak in the defensive reading of this
Trying to vary the game and make ourselves as unpredictable as possible,
we could therefore alternate the short game from below with a
sudden attack of depth even from zone 1 or 2 (“attack
However, we will try to get as much as possible in the finishing area in
With the ball open and facing the goal in the finishing area at least two
players have to attack the depth.
The defensive line must be constantly attacked with cuts and insertions
even out of time.
In general we will ask our players, in an offensive position, to
attack the goal and fill the penalty area.
We want to fill the penalty area with at least 3-4 players, with
particular attention also to the opposite exterior which often can
successfully close on the second post.
Within a football of principles and spaces, it is still important
being able to add plays and movements encoded in the last 30
meters to guarantee greater possibilities and safety for our players.
Play and movements thought and prepared trying to enhance ours
However I believe that in the last 30 meters the creativity and the
individual talent should be the master, with i
players free to express themselves by looking for bets
The organization and the game structure with our principles will be
thus of fundamental importance in allowing to reach the last ones
30 meters with players and positioning able to disorganize the
opposing defense and thus favoring the decisive plays of our most
important offensive players.
2. DEFENSIVE PHASE
The objectives in the defensive phase are two: - do not take goals - recover ball the fastest and the highest possible Starting from this important concept, I would like to organize a phase defensive that does not therefore have the sole purpose of protecting the our goal but also a means to recover the ball in areas of field dangerous for the opponents. Recovering the ball in the offensive half also has a huge mental and emotional value in the performance of the race: limits the courage and self-esteem of our opponents and increases ours, thus helping us to get closer to that technical and mental domain of field and game that our main goal. Re-aggression: We want to retake a turnover to recover possession of the ball immediately, and we implement preventive coverage and supervision of the area to continue to occupy the offensive and non-offensive half run backwards. Defending team by running forward. On the turnover the player closest to the ball starts the re-aggression but the primary objective of the first player will not have to be that of the ball recovery (too risky to get jumped) but of cover the ball and mislead the opposing player.
Some studies carried out with my staff show that the top team re-attacks are around 30-35 per game with 70% of success (immediate recovery of the ball). The average duration of these positive re-aggression lasts about 5 seconds and is involved on average 2.5 players. They are mainly the midfielders. obviously, the more involved players undergoing re-aggression and the top players in this fundamental they complete more than 12 re-aggressions per game. The areas in which more re-aggressions occur are the half-spaces and the side lines. More difficult to re-attack in the central area (the opponents have more chances to get out) and in the opponent's penalty area where, even if the ball is recovered, it is often immediately kicked away. The team will implement two different ways of defending depending on the game situation and situational context. With ball in the middle offensive field we will implement a high pressing, with the ball in ours half of the field we will be more in line of waiting.
We press high the opposing construction from behind, studying and
preparing the contrast, climbing forward and isolating one or
two opposing players on the weak side. The defensive line plays high
and aggressive and the goalkeeper is essential in ensuring coverage for
central and cover the depth. Recovered the ball in the trocar
offensive we attack the opponent's goal quickly (5-10 seconds
if it does not materialize, we keep possession and take back ours
positional structure). We try to isolate the opponent by bringing him
towards the lateral line. The attacker gives the signal to press by marking
the first exhaust, however forward downshifts are called dai
players positioned behind that go up on the references allowing the
advanced players to climb forward.
From the postponement of the fund we implement a pressing by invitation: trying to
direct the opponent's bets towards a field area or a
specific player we want to attack.
Also in this case we have carried out specific studies: the
big teams in Europe perform about 45 pressing actions a
match for a total of 12-14 minutes of actual play passed
defending forward. About 60% of these actions lead to a
ball recovery and only 10-15% of the time a great team in
pressure is beaten by the opponent's construction. However in the
times when high pressing is beaten the chances of conceding
a dangerous action increase considerably.
2.2 DEFENSIVE PROVISION
With the ball in our half, we reposition ourselves in the positions of
departure and we are careful to cover. From marco-marco (del
pressing) let's move on to the Marco-Copro. We don't want to concede
key and filter passages in the finishing area (reduced to a maximum with
high line and near midfield).
We slide a lot in the ball zone.
If an offensive winger, in the last 30 meters, sliding towards the center
of the court in the ball zone finds a free opponent between him and the
part midfielder, he positions himself internally then towards the area
The team will have to be tight and short, especially the forwards
they must work connected and ready to recover the balls that come out
from our last game back.
Often the waiting line in their own half is exchanged
for a passive defensive phase.
More and more, however, in modern football we see teams that also
when they defend low they adopt attitudes and mentalities similar to
those used in the opposing half during the pressing phase.
Intensity is almost always associated with a great one
physical performance, obviously an aspect not to be underestimated, but the
the real big difference in the big teams is the intensity
mental, from that ferocious desire to recover the ball
regardless of whether we are pressing or waiting.
2.3 DEFENSIVE LINE Defensive line 4 that works in the department but in relation to opponents. High and aggressive forward on the ascents with particular pay attention to the position of the goalkeeper. Even in the defensive phase, as well as the offensive one, the role of the goalkeeper has completely changed in the past 20 years. In fact, until a few years ago this role was almost exclusively based on skill and attention in the "defense of the goal". In modern football has become indispensable for goalkeepers and theirs coaches also pay maniacal attention to the “game with i feet "(as we have seen in the chapters of the offensive phase) and of "Defense of space". The goalkeeper is tied to his own defensive line if our line goes up up to halfway because it accompanies our offensive pressing the goalkeeper must also go up to the edge of the area and beyond ready to give defenders cover on any attacks from depth. Other important concepts of our defensive line: Advance scoring and exploitation of 2vs1 with a defender in front and another in cover. An interesting solution with the ball in the last 30 meters could be be that of our central midfielder entering the line defensive to compose a line to 5 fundamental to defend the better in breadth and be aggressive centrally. Here too the characteristics of our midfielder and therefore of the context determine this choice.
We avoid doubling especially those too close to the opponent. Against particular players we set up a second line of close coverage (5mt) in case of 1vs1. In a side ball situation we will position ourselves as a man in the area. Within the area of competence the defender will report to the opponent without catching him in tight but loose marking (for try to overcome counter-movements).
We have divided the area into six zones. On the side ball from the right the central defender is the first to move and is positioned shortly ahead of the pole (height that varies) to go cover towards the zone 1. The defender in zone 1 must avoid advances on the near post e act as the first screen for the crossers and balls behind. The second one central defender is stationed in zone 2. The opposite full-back lightly opposite diagonal deals with zone 3 and / or 6. Each inside of his area relates to any opponent. Reason why the opposite full-back I can also come to central areas (2 and 5) if we were in inferiority. The central midfielder runs towards the spot and it relates to the opponents of zone 5, in fact, and zone 4. The mezzala opposite tries to return to zone 5 also relating to zone 6. If we have a side mezzala, he relates to companions and opponents in the 4-5-6 zone.