Il compleanno di Frederik Sorensen

  1. Chiellini: Domani c'è il compleanno di Frederik. Che vogliamo fare?
  2. Marchisio: Perché non gli prepariamo una bella torta?
  3. Grosso: Ma sapete cucinare(1)? A casa mia io non cucino mai, mia moglie prepara tutto.
  4. Marchisio: Ma certo, non è mica(2) complicato preparare il pan di spagna.
  5. Chiellini: Per quello ci vorranno(3) diversi ingredienti, li abbiamo tutti?
  6. Marchisio: Tutti tranne la farina, ma possiamo farne a meno(4).
  7. Grosso: Quanto ci vorrà(5)?
  8. Marchisio: Tra una mezz'ora sarà pronto.
  9. Grosso: Metteremo anche le candele?
  10. Marchisio: Come no, è un compleanno. Quanti anni compierà?
  11. Chiellini: Diciannove.

Frederik Sorensen's birthday

  1. Chiellini: Tomorrow is Frederik's birthday. What should we do?
    [Tomorrow there-is the birthday of Frederik. What want do?]
  2. Marchisio: Why don't we bake him a nice cake?
    [Why not him bake a nice cake?]
  3. Grosso: But do you guys know how to cook? At my house I never cook, my wife cooks everything.
    [But know cook? At house mine I not cook never, my wife cooks everything.]
  4. Marchisio: But of course, it's not as if it's complicated to bake a pan di spagna.
    [But of-course, not is as-if complicated bake the bread of Spain.]
  5. Chiellini: For that we'll need various ingredients, do we have them all?
    [For that it will-want various ingredients, they have all?]
  6. Marchisio: All except flour, but we can do without it.
    [All except the flour, but can do-of-it at less.]
  7. Grosso: How long will it take?
    [How-much there will-want?]
  8. Marchisio: In half an hour it will be ready.
    [In a half-hour will-be ready.]
  9. Grosso: Will we put candles on too?
    [Will-put also the candles?]
  10. Marchisio: Of course, it's a birthday. How many years does he complete?
    [How not, is a birthday. How-many years will-complete?]
  11. Chiellini: Nineteen.

Notes

  1. "sai guidare?" ~ "do you know how to drive?", "so leggere" ~ "I know how to read", "sapere" followed by a verb expresses the idea of knowing how to do something.
  2. "mica" is a word without an equivalent in English and typically means something close to "it's not as if...".
  3. "ci vorranno due ore" ~ "it will take two hours", in general "ci vuole" is a way of expressing a requirement: "ci vuole il passaporto per viaggiare" ~ "a passport is needed to travel" [here wants the passport to travel]
  4. "fare a meno" ~ "to do without", "farne a meno" ~ "to do without it".
  5. "ci vorrà" ~ "it will take", "ci vuole" ~ "it takes".

Theory: The future tense

Now that we have seen plenty of conversations about the past and the present, we will turn to the future. The future tense is formed through conjugation (the verb gets a different ending). This tense is more regular than the present and all three -are, -ere, -ire verb families have the same conjugation, so here we see parlare:

  • io parle ~ I will talk
  • tu parlerai ~ you will talk
  • lui\lei parle ~ he/she will talk
  • noi parleremo ~ we will talk
  • voi parlerete ~ you will talk (you guys)
  • loro parleranno ~ they will talk

We have seen examples:

  • vorranno ~ will-want (they)
  • vorrà ~ will-want (he/she)
  • sarà ~ will-be (he/she)
  • metteremo ~ will-put (we)
  • compierà ~ will-complete (he/she)